Toland, John

Toland, John
   Deistical writer, b. in Ireland of Roman Catholic parentage, completed his education at Glasgow, Edin., and Leyden. Very early in life he had become a Protestant, and at Leyden he studied theology with the view of becoming a Nonconformist minister, but imbibed Rationalistic views. He then resided for some time at Oxf., and in 1696 pub. his first work, Christianity not Mysterious, which was censured by Convocation and gave rise to much controversy. Next year he returned to Ireland, where, however, he was not more popular than in England, and where his book was burned by the common hangman. Returning to England he took to writing political pamphlets, including one, Anglia Libera, in support of the Brunswick succession, which gained him some favour at Hanover, and he was sent on some political business to the German Courts. He then served Harley in Holland and Germany practically as a political spy. His later years were passed in literary drudgery and poverty. Among his numerous writings may be mentioned Account of Prussia and Hanover, Origines Judaicæ, History of the Druids, and a Life of Milton prefixed to an ed. of his prose works.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • TOLAND, JOHN° — (1670–1722), Irish born deist, active in the theological and political controversies in England at the beginning of the 18th century. Toland was born in County Donegal, supposedly the illegitimate son of a Roman Catholic priest. At the age of 16… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Toland, John — (1670–1722)    Theologian.    Toland was born in Ireland of Roman Catholic parents, but he converted to Protestantism at the age of sixteen. He was educated in Glasgow and Leyden. His first book, Christianity not Mysterious, in which he argued… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Toland, John — ▪ British author born Nov. 30, 1670, County Donegal, Ire. died March 11, 1722, Putney, near London, Eng.       controversial Irish born British freethinker whose rationalist philosophy forced church historians to seriously consider questions… …   Universalium

  • Toland, John Willard — ▪ 2005       American historian (b. June 29, 1912, La Crosse, Wis. d. Jan. 4, 2004, Danbury, Conn.), wrote several best selling historical books about World War II. After having served in the Army Air Corps during that war, Toland became a… …   Universalium

  • TOLAND, JOHN —    political and deistical writer, born in Derry, of Catholic parents; abandoned the Catholic faith; studied at Leyden and Oxford; his first work, Christianity not Mysterious, which created a great stir, and was burned in Ireland by the common… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • TOLAND, John — (1670 1722)    Irish writer whose book Christianity Not Mysterious (1696) is generally regarded as the classic statement of DEISM. He coined the term PANTHEISM to describe SPINOZA S view that GOD and can be identified with NATURE …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • John Toland (Philosoph) — John Toland (* 30. November 1670 in Inishowen, Irland; † 11. März 1722 in Putney bei London) war ein irischer Freidenker der Aufklärung. Als Sohn katholischer Eltern konvertierte Toland 1687 zum Protestantismus. Er studierte in Glasgow, Edinburgh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Toland — John Toland. John Toland (Inishowen, Irlanda, 30 de noviembre de 1670 Londres, 11 de marzo de 1722) fue un filósofo racionalista y librepensador. Educado en las universidades de Glasgow, Edimburgo, Leiden y Oxfo …   Wikipedia Español

  • John toland (libre-penseur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Toland. John Toland (30 novembre 1670 11 mars 1722) fut un philosophe irlandais. Il fut la première personne à être qualifiée de libre penseur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John toland (historien) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Toland. John Toland (1912 2004) était un historien américain. Il est connu pour un des tout premiers ouvrages sur la guerre du Pacifique et pour sa biographie d Adolf Hitler. Publications (en)Adolf… …   Wikipédia en Français

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